Ever see something hashtagged on a fitness Instagram account, or mentioned on Twitter in relation to the gym and think what are they going on about? Who is DOM? What do they mean?
Well, I too was once in that boat, so I’ve put together some common gym lingo and acronyms so you don’t have to scratch your head any longer…
HIIT – High Intensity Interval Training
Think interval sprints or circuits; short bursts of training at a high intensity, with short rest periods in between. More effective for fat burning than steady state cardio and far more interesting.
LISS – Low Intensity Steady State
Your opposite to HIIT. Low intensity cardio at a steady state; a bike ride or an uphill walk/jog. Done for longer than HIIT and there are no rest periods, but the same pace is maintained throughout.
DOMS – Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
When you wake up the morning after a heavy gym session and you cannot walk properly. Delayed onset as in does not occur straight after exercise, but can last for days afterwards. Good luck with this one.
AMRAP – As Many Reps As Possible
Exactly what it says on the tin: as many reps as you can physically do before wanting to drop the weight and curl up in a ball of pain on the floor.
Vascular – all dem veins
Having visible veins on your body, due to a low body fat percentage and lots n lots of weight training. Like when you see a guy with visible veins and you’re like mmm then you look down at your arms and realise that’s you too. I can relate.
Cutting – what we hate doing
Cutting is when you decrease your calories, and often up your cardio, in order to drop body fat. Living in a calorie deficit. It’s hard and just not something we want to be doing with our lives unless we really need to.
Bulking – what we like doing
The process of adding muscle in bulk to our bodies. Fat also sometimes comes on during this process. We then cut to lose the fat and see the pretty muscles we’ve built.
Superset – super fun
Doing one exercise followed by another with no rest period. Burns the muscle and keeps training interesting.
Dropset – super painful
Starting with a higher weight then dropping to a lower weight, again with no rest. Now this really burns.
Negatives – requires concentration
Lowering the weight slowly to put pressure on the muscle. Good if you have someone to help you bring it back up to the top. Slow and steady.
Macros – Macronutrients
Carbohydrates, protein and fat. These are the nutrients we need the most of in our diets. You can also include fibre in this if you want to, but the main three are cabrs, protein and fat.
Micros – Micronutrients
The little nutrients that are still very important. We get these from fruit and veg etc.
IIFYM – If It Fits Your Macros
A diet whereby your macros are calculated based on your age, weight, height, frequency and intensity of exericse, and your end goal (losing weight, gaining muscle etc). You are then given your calorie intake for the day, with your macro split of carbs, protein and fat.
Got any more to add to my list? Do let me know!